What Should I Do About the Gap or Career Break on My Resume?

Navigating career gaps on your resume? This guide offers strategic insights on transforming these breaks into assets, highlighting personal growth and new skills to enhance your job search. Learn how to address gaps confidently, turning potential drawbacks into compelling narratives for your next professional endeavor.

Navigating the professional world comes with its set of challenges, and one question that often perplexes job seekers is how to address a gap or career break on their resume. Whether it was due to personal reasons, pursuing further education, health issues, or any other circumstance, it’s essential to approach this topic thoughtfully. This long-read article aims to guide you through understanding, addressing, and turning a career gap into a potential advantage.

Understanding the Stigma Around Career Gaps

Historically, career gaps were often viewed negatively, with employers being wary of periods of unemployment. The concern was that skills might become outdated, or the gap indicated a lack of commitment. However, the modern workplace and societal attitudes are shifting. Today, many recognize that career breaks can offer valuable experiences and personal growth opportunities that can be beneficial in a professional setting.

Assessing Your Situation

Before you tackle how to present your career gap, take a moment to assess your situation. What were you doing during this time? Were you acquiring new skills, volunteering, traveling, dealing with a personal matter, or exploring a new career direction? Understanding the value and the skills gained during this period is crucial for explaining the gap to potential employers.

How to Address Career Gaps on Your Resume

Be Honest but Strategic

Honesty is always the best policy. Attempting to hide a gap or being dishonest about your activities during this time can lead to issues later, especially if a background check reveals the truth. However, being strategic about how you present this information is key. Focus on what you learned and how it applies to your career goals.

Use the Right Resume Format

Consider using a functional or combination resume format instead of a traditional chronological one. These formats allow you to highlight your skills and achievements at the forefront, rather than focusing on the timeline of your employment history.

Include Voluntary Work, Courses, and Projects

Any activities that you were engaged in during your career break, such as voluntary work, courses, or personal projects, should be included on your resume. These experiences can demonstrate your commitment to personal development and your industry.

Crafting Your Cover Letter

Your cover letter offers a perfect opportunity to explain your career gap in a positive light. Use this space to briefly mention the reason for your break and, more importantly, focus on how the break has prepared you for your next role. Emphasize any new skills, perspectives, or experiences you gained during this time.

Preparing for the Interview

Be prepared to discuss your career gap during job interviews. Plan a concise and positive explanation that focuses on what you learned and how it makes you a better candidate. Practice your response so that you can deliver it confidently and without hesitation.

Turning a Gap into an Advantage

Highlight Personal Growth

Use your career gap as an opportunity to highlight personal growth. Discuss how the break allowed you to develop soft skills such as adaptability, time management, or cross-cultural communication, depending on your activities during the gap.

Showcase New Skills

If you took courses, earned certifications, or developed new skills during your break, make sure these are prominently featured on your resume and mentioned in interviews. This shows that you are proactive about your professional development.

Demonstrate Your Passion

If your career break was spent pursuing a passion project or exploring a field of interest, this could be very appealing to potential employers. It shows initiative, passion, and the ability to pursue goals—qualities that are valuable in any role.

Examples of Positive Spin on Career Gaps

  • Travel: “Taking a career break to travel the world allowed me to develop unparalleled adaptability, cross-cultural communication skills, and a global perspective that I’m eager to apply in a professional setting.”
  • Further Education: “I dedicated time off to pursue a [degree/certification] in [field], which has equipped me with [specific skills] and a deeper understanding of [industry/topic].”
  • Family Care: “I took a hiatus to care for a family member, which taught me significant time management, empathy, and crisis management skills.”
  • Personal Projects: “During my break, I launched a personal project [describe project], which honed my skills in [skills developed] and ignited my passion for [industry/role].”


A career gap does not have to be a setback. With the right approach, it can be presented as a period of growth, learning, and development. By being honest, strategic, and focusing on the positive aspects and skills gained during your break, you can turn a potential red flag into a compelling part of your professional narrative. Remember, the key is to communicate the value you bring to potential employers, demonstrating that your unique experiences have prepared you to contribute meaningfully to their organization.


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